Does depression stem from brain anatomy or brain chemistry?

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I'm working on a story about a recent study in which scientists explored why some people who suffer from major depression can not get rid of your symptoms loose , falling into despair without cause and over again . These researchers think they know why . Recently found evidence suggesting that depression is strongly influenced by a basic pattern of genetic inheritance that alters the structure of the makeup of the brain.
Answer1teannaAnswered at 2012-10-26 12:33:43
Depression is a common condition, 15% of the population will suffer from clinical depression at some point in their lives. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Everyone has periods when they feel low, or down. These are normal emotions and appropriate after the bad news, grief and so on. However, depression - the disease is persistent, and help is needed to recover. The difference with depression is when unhappiness is without cause, or if it lasts much longer, and is disproportionate to the circumstances, or appears to be beyond the control of the staff to handle patients. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Depression affects people differently. Some are mildly affected - often known as dysthymia, and able to function despite their condition. Others may be very depressed and find it very difficult to perform the most basic tasks., Such as washing and dressing. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus There are also different types of depression, such as episodes of depression, followed by euphoria in manic depression (bipolar affective disorder, SAD (seasonal affective disorder) and PND (post natal depression). MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Spike Milligan and Winston Churchill were two famous manic depressive. Depression is not selective class, status or education. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Symptoms MedlinePlus MedlinePlus The symptoms are many, varied and not all patients have the same problems. They may include: MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus continuous low mood Feelings of inadequacy MedlinePlus Feeling "tearful" and
"emotional" Irritability MedlinePlus Anger / aggression MedlinePlus Anxiety MedlinePlus Lack of motivation
Lack of social interest MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Poor personal care Irrational / guilty thoughts MedlinePlus Feeling hopeless MedlinePlus MedlinePlus suicidal thoughts Tired all the time MedlinePlus MedlinePlus loss appetite / weight Comfort eating MedlinePlus Inability to sleep MedlinePlus Sleep Disorders MedlinePlus The loss of concentration MedlinePlus Sleeping too much / not awaken refreshed MedlinePlus Loss of libido MedlinePlus People to avoid social situations /
Lack of energy MedlinePlus Feeling physically ill MedlinePlus Extreme lethargy MedlinePlus Bleak and pessimistic vision of the future MedlinePlus MedlinePlus NB Anxiety and depression are closely linked. Anxiety can cause depression, and depression can cause anxiety. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus So why do I feel this way? MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Depression is a complex disease, and may occur for several reasons.
MedlinePlus In a person suffering from depression, neurotransmitter levels are lowered. One of them is serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT).
MedlinePlus It can be triggered as a result of a number of causes:
MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Social Circumstances Unemployment, divorce or break the relationship, bereavement, redundancy, sudden / drastic change in personal circumstances MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Physical Conditions MedlinePlus Glandular fever, flu, anemia, diseases such as multiple sclerosis, severe arthritis, and treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy
MedlinePlus Hormonal changes MedlinePlus Pregnancy resulting in PND - approximately 10% of all women experience significant PND. Depression occurs most often in women (this may also be because men are more reluctant to visit your doctor) MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Psychological conditions
The anxiety sufferers may also find that the development of depression. Unresolved psychological issues also contribute. About 60% of people who suffer chronically with anxiety and panic associated with depression also. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Alcohol and Drug Abuse MedlinePlus MedlinePlus What treatments are available? MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Each patient is an individual, and treatments vary. Many people combine the treatments, ie optimal effect medication and counseling. The preferred option is currently SSRI with CBT. The drug is uplifting enough to be able to consider and learn the skills needed to overcome the long-term situation. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus The first step is to visit your doctor. Can confirm the diagnosis and ensure that your depression does not have a physical cause. You should be prepared to be honest with yourself and your doctor. If you have some unresolved issues, medication alone does not provide a cure, and your doctor may recommend some type of therapy. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Therapy MedlinePlus This may include cognitive behavioral therapy or counseling. All health authorities have a community mental health team, you will be able to select and provide appropriate treatment to your referral by their GP. If you really feel you need it, do not be afraid to ask for a reference. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Drug There are several different types of anti-depressants. Is likely to be offered one of the following types: MedlinePlus MedlinePlus SSRI - (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), the name of the house is best known brand Prozac (fluoxetine), but now includes a stable of drugs closely related MedlinePlus Tricyclic antidepressants MedlinePlus MAOIs (monoamine oxidase) MedlinePlus Moclobemide MedlinePlus Different people respond better to different drugs, and different categories of depression respond better to different drugs, so there may be a degree of trial and error before finding the right one for you. No universal wonder drug, and what worked for your friend may not be beneficial to you. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Before you go to your GP, you may like to make a list of lifestyle considerations to discuss the most appropriate medication. For example, if you lead a busy life, or the unity of life, a drug that makes you drowsy can not satisfy, if you have trouble sleeping at night, can be beneficial. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus There are several websites that explain in detail each type of drug and its side effects. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Antidepressants are not addictive. However, you may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking them suddenly. The withdrawal should be gradual and under medical supervision. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Alternative Medicine MedlinePlus St. John's Wort is a herbal remedy, which has a similar effect of SSRIs and commonly used in the treatment of depression. Do research this carefully before starting yourself on this. It can be very effective, but can also have some serious interactions with medications you may be taking for other medical conditions so if you are taking any other medications prescribed at all please do not take this without taking specialist advice. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Side effects and contraindications
MedlinePlus All drugs have the potential to cause side effects, some of which can be unpleasant. Most side effects only occur during the first weeks of taking the medication, and then disappear. If you are taking medication and have panic or anxiety - not uncommon for this to get worse for a few weeks before the benefit is felt. It may be useful in these circumstances to leave and gradually increase your dose. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus However, many people take these medicines without experiencing side effects. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Also make sure you tell your doctor about any medicines you use regularly. Some medicines can react with each other, for example, St Johns Wort can affect the efficiency of the contraceptive pill, decongestants should not be used with MAOIs and tricyclic antidepressants. With family MAOI, there are also some important food restrictions too. Your doctor may need to review how self medicate certain conditions. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus SELF HELP MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Patients can also do much to help themselves, by taking positive steps to help improve their lives. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Diet Be sure to eat a nutritionally balanced healthy diet that includes plenty of water, fruits and vegetables, whole grains and legumes. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Exercise Exercise regularly as possible, whether it's a quick walk to the shops or around the park, swim or participate in the gym. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Reduce / Eat less stimulating MedlinePlus Review alcohol, caffeine, nicotine and "recreational" drugs taken. Stop or limit your intake. Swap tea / coffee for water, green tea, black or herbal. Set limits and stick to them. You can choose to allow yourself two glasses of wine at a family celebration. Stick to your limit, and consider sharing wine spritzer wine to make your drinks last longer MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Relax MedlinePlus Sign up for yoga, pilates or Tai'chi. Buy a relaxation CD. Go for a massage. Enjoy a bubble bath. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Change Pace Do I need to do everything you do in your life? Do I need to do when you do? Otherwise, slow the pace of your life a bit. Consider taking a short vacation MedlinePlus. MedlinePlus Remove stressful MedlinePlus While never a good idea to make changes in your life while suffering from depression, review your life to reduce stress. If you have relationship problems, talk to your partner, go to Relate. If you have problems at work, talk with your manager or human resources. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Some stressors can be mild, but can cause unnecessary inconvenience respond. These may be small things, such as inside a car that needs cleaning, or closet that needs tidying. Finding time to address any issues that "bug" that, however small. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Keep your mind occupied MedlinePlus Read a book, watch a movie, call a friend. Try not to just "sit and live." Take up a new hobby. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Keep a daily mood MedlinePlus Notice how you feel each day, what stressors are present, the activities we have done, what you've eaten and drunk. Monitor for any patterns MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Do not bottle it up MedlinePlus Do not keep your feelings to yourself. Let your family and friends what you are experiencing. If necessary, educate them about their disease and treatment. Avoid people who tell you to calm down, or for just once! You have a disease, and can not help how you feel. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Rediscovery MedlinePlus Write down all the things that usually give you pleasure. These can be hobbies or experiences - reading, embroidery, playing squash, ice skating, trying new recipes. Take time to read a book, sew a sampler, a book MedlinePlus squash MedlinePlus Create a folder Self Help MedlinePlus Keep any information you find useful presented together, and use it as a reference. This may include articles, magazines, magazine clippings, and even quotes or images that make you smile. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus AND ABOVE ALL - STAY POSITIVE MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Remember that depression is a treatable illness from which patients recover completely. Do not put any timescales false recovery. Everyone is different. SSRIs can take 2-3 weeks before you feel any benefit. The medication may need to be continued from 6 months to 2 years. Do not expect an immediate recovery once treatment has begun. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus Some victims find that they can experience another period of depression at some point in their lives. This is quite common, and should not cause concern. It is very likely that you notice symptoms sooner if it happens again, and can take appropriate action. MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MORE INFORMATION MedlinePlus For more detailed information about depression, it's causes and treatment, contact: MedlinePlus MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.rcpsych.ac.uk MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.medinfo.co.uk MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.sane.org.uk MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.depressionalliance.org MedlinePlus MedlinePlus www.samaritans.org.uk MedlinePlus www.mind.org.uk
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