Help on psychology questions?

Answers:1   |   LastUpdateAt:2017-10-18 01:12:20  

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1.
Even though Mary was not thinking about the events surrounding the day when she graduated from high school, she can easily bring memories about that day to conscious awareness. In terms of Freud's theory of personality, Mary's memories are stored at the _____ level of awareness.
A) preconscious
B) latent
C) conscious
D) unconscious
2.
Two self-report inventories that were originally designed to assess the personality characteristics of normal populations are:
A) the California Personality Inventory (CPI) and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF).
B) the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
C) the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and the California Personality Inventory (CPI).
D) the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
3.
Because the beginnings of his own sexual attraction to some of the girls in his seventh-grade class were so anxiety-provoking to Jeff, he often found himself teasing the girls to whom he was most attracted. Jeff's behavior is best explained by which of the following ego defense mechanisms?
A) reaction formation
B) undoing
C) displacement
D) rationalization
4.
Personality theories:
A) attempt to explain how and why people are similar and different.
B) focus on personality types rather than on personality traits and characteristics.
C) focus on explaining the development of a specific personality characteristic, such as shyness.
D) are impossible to test scientifically.
5.
Dr. Kildare gave his patient a lengthy test that involved more than 500 questions. The patient was instructed to respond to each statement with either “True,” “False,” or “Cannot say.” Dr. Kildare told his patient that the test would be scored by computer, but that he would analyze the results and discuss them with her. Most likely, Dr. Kildare's patient has taken which personality test?
A) the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator or MBTI
B) the Thematic Apperception Test, or TAT
C) the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, or MMPI
D) the Rorschach Inkblot Test
6.
Humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers contended that the most basic human motive is:
A) the pleasure principle.
B) the actualizing tendency.
C) aggression.
D) striving for superiority over others.
7.
Which of the following is NOT a strength of the self-report inventories discussed in your textbook?
A) The MMPI, CPI, and 16PF can be used to provide qualitative information about the individual's unconscious motives, conflicts, and feelings.
B) Scoring is very objective and consistent from one examiner to another or from one time period to another.
C) The MMPI, CPI, and 16PF can be used to predict future behavior.
D) Research studies have established that the MMPI, CPI, and 16PF are all reliable and valid measures of personality.
8.
In Freud's theory of personality, the _____ operates on the _____, which is the capacity to delay gratification until an appropriate time.
A) superego; pleasure principle
B) ego; reality principle
C) superego; reality principle
D) id; pleasure principle
9.
Dr. Romero asked her patient, Glen, to study a brightly colored image made by an inkblot on a card. She asked Glen to tell her what he “saw” in the image and took careful notes of his descriptions. What test is Dr. Romero using?
A) the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
B) the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
C) the Thematic Apperception Test
D) the Rorschach Inkblot Test
10.
According to Carl Rogers, when a child senses that he is loved and valued only when he behaves in a way that is acceptable to his parents, the parents are displaying _____ toward the child.
A) conditional positive regard
B) self-efficacy
C) congruence
D) unconditional positive regard
11.
Five-year-old Sam begins to cry when he discovers that his pet turtle has died. His father scolds Sam for crying and says, “Big boys don't cry.” According to Carl Rogers, because Sam's father is using _____, Sam is likely to _____ his feelings of sadness in the future.
A) ego defense mechanisms; rationalize
B) unconditional positive regard; accept
C) punishment; exaggerate
D) conditional positive regard; deny
Answer1 Answered at 2017-10-18 01:12:20

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